Medical marijuana/Cannabis houses more than 100 chemical compounds that are extensively being studied for their therapeutic effects in various neurological disorders. Two special compounds are known as THC and CBD, top the list.
Marijuana helps to cope with many neurological conditions like seizures, epilepsy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson’s disease, nervous system disorder, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, and traumatic brain injury, etc.
In the human body, a system of neurotransmitters is present with its receptors spread throughout the body. This system is called ECS or endocannabinoid system.
There are two types of endocannabinoid receptors:
CB1 Receptors: Found in the central nervous system
CB2 Receptors: Found in the peripheral nervous system.
The cannabinoids present in Medical Marijuana/Cannabis binds with these CB1 and CB2 receptors and aids in nervous system disorders by offering calming effect to the nervous system.
Experts are not 100% sure as to how these receptors react with cannabinoids and deliver therapeutic effects, but they believe that maybe it works by preventing endocannabinoids from being broken down.
While the research is still going on, people have reported that CBD has helped them in pain, nausea, and anxiety management.
The neurotransmitters and receptors in the endocannabinoid system mainly regulate functions like sleep, pain, immune system response , and appetite. There are anecdotal reports that show that CBD, which does not show psychoactive effects, has been effective in reducing seizures in some people with epilepsy.
For example, cannabidiol (CBD) has been extensively evaluated for its anti-seizure activity in various seizure models. These studies have discovered that CBD successfully reduces the occurrence of seizures that were induced by maximal electroshock.
Currently, a prescription drug CBD called Epidolex, is approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to treat Dravet and Lennox-Gastaut syndromes, two rare forms of epilepsy.
These medicines were approved after controlled clinical trials for epileptic seizures. Hence any treatment that has not undergone trials and contains an unregulated amount of THC can be harmful to patients.
Medical Marijuana/Cannabis can offer numerous benefits for neurological conditions, but its conclusive advantages and response to diseases need more research and scrutiny.
THIS ARTICLE PROVIDED FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED MEDICAL ADVICE.
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